When I first heard about game theory, it sounded like a dark art. Then, as I learnt more I started to think that some of the traits sounded familiar. Finally, I wondered if being a Gamer for so many years has led to some similarities in my own style of thinking.
Whilst game theory might sound like it’s all about fun and games, it’s actually a complex branch of mathematics that studies the strategic interactions between rational decision-makers. With origins in economics and political science, the tenets of game theory are often found in the most unlikely of places: in our case, the realm of online gaming.
Game Theory and Gaming: The Intersection
An online gamer may not explicitly claim to use game theory. Yet, they encounter countless scenarios that require tactics, strategies, and anticipation of enemy behaviours, all of which have intriguing overlaps with this mathematical field.
The Game of Strategic Decision Making
Strategy is at the heart of many online games. Players often have to make split-second decisions based on their opponents’ actions. This process mirrors a fundamental game theory scenario, where understanding interactions and predicting outcomes become crucial for success. From forecasting and long-term planning in Real Time Strategy (RTS) gaming with the likes of Command & Conquer, to moment-by-moment tactical decision making in First Person Shooters like Counter Strike, there is definitely an area inside the Gamers brain equipped with Strategic Decision Making.
Cooperative and Non-cooperative Games in the Digital World
Game theory defines cooperative games as ones where players form binding agreements and non-cooperative games as those where binding agreements are not possible. You’ll find elements of both in the world of online gaming. Many multiplayer games require players to form alliances, cooperate on tasks, and simultaneously compete against each other – a delicate dance of collaboration and competition. Capture the Flag anyone? Fine, Deathmatch it is.
Multiple Players, Multiple Outcomes
Interdependence is a common thread between game theory and multiplayer online games. The actions of one player often influence the outcomes for others, turning each decision into a potential ripple effect across the game’s ecosystem. Which, let’s face it is why newbies get such a hard time, because the actions of a newbie cause the most unpredictable ripple effects and chaos.
Zero-sum and Non-zero-sum Scenarios
The gaming world is rife with zero-sum situations, where one player’s gain equals another’s loss. However, many online games aren’t zero-sum – everyone can win or lose together. Identifying the nature of the game can help players craft their strategies.
Navigating Information Asymmetry
Game theory also delves into situations where one player possesses more or better information than another, a scenario often reflected in online games. Mastering the game is not only l33t, but could mean understanding and leveraging these asymmetries.
The Reality of Gaming and Game Theory
However, whilst game theory provides a useful lens, it’s not a perfect mirror of the realities in online gaming. Traditional game-theoretic models may not fully capture the complexities of gaming dynamics. Furthermore, unlike the rational agents in game theory, real players often act irrationally, adding another layer to the intricate world of online gaming.
So, do online gamers use game theory? They might not know it, but many strategic decisions in online gaming align closely with the principles of game theory. Recognising these parallels can enrich our understanding of both domains, transforming the way we play and think about games.